Category Archives: Canada

Canada Victory: The Supreme Court ruled today that corporations cannot claim “cruel and unusual treatment” and do not have a Charter right to this protection

The Supreme Court ruled today that corporations cannot claim “cruel and unusual treatment” and do not have a Charter right to this protection. This is a victory for human rights. CCLA was an intervenor in the case, arguing that human rights are first and foremost for human beings; human rights should not be available to corporations as a legal tool for maximizing profit.

CHINA MAKES CHICKENS OUT OF CANADA AND AUSTRALIA

Thomas Hon Wing Polin21SilkRd

1thSpo1hohnsoreid  

Why Canada must release Meng Wanzhou

· CHINA MAKES CHICKENS OUT OF CANADA AND AUSTRALIA

“For the superior man, waiting ten years to take revenge is not too long.” So goes a famous Chinese saying.The opening anecdote in the accompanying story (below) perfectly illustrates the maxim. While the junzi (Confucian “gentleman,” or superior person) is infinitely patient, he also ensures that depraved criminality does NOT go punished.So it will be with the scurrilous kidnapping of Meng Wanzhou. The atrocity has been seared into the braincells of all Chinese. Unless they repent and make profuse amends, the chief culprits will be punished by the Chinese nation in due course.These will include PC “Woke” Trudeau, Porkface Pompeo and probably their godfather, Donald Trump. Beijing’s steeliness throughout the two-year-old affair is a hint of things to come.In a parallel case, the vengeance isn’t waiting a decade, but has already arrived.

On the receiving end is Australia’s Scott Moronson regime. With awe-inspiring enthusiasm, it became the pack-leading attack dog in the Trump regime’s drive to demonize China and the Chinese.Three Chinese hammer blows have already descended on the Not-So-Lucky Country: boycott of critical exports of coal, cotton and iron ore. Other strikes about to descend are withdrawal of Chinese tourists and students.

Big China bullying two small Anglo nations? Hardly. Here’s where another Chinese saying comes in: “Kill the chicken to scare the monkeys.”In their eagerness to please their Uncle, Sam, Canadian and Australian authorities treated Chinese like sub-humans. They are simply being reminded, in ways they would understand, that it’s not wise to do so. They’re the chickens. Other would-be US allies-in-depravity are the monkeys.From the piece below, which brilliantly exposes the Meng case as the farce it is:“The outcome of this judicial kidnapping will determine US and Canadian China policy for decades to come: whether a rapprochement is possible in the future, or whether relations will spiral into a cycle of acrimony, vengeance, and ultimately catastrophe.“What is on trial, of course, is not Meng, or Huawei, but the judicial system of Canada and the conscience, good sense, and ethics of its ruling class: whether it will uphold or undermine international notions of justice.“If the Canadian judiciary and its ruling classes fail this test, Canada risks being driven, metaphorically, into the sea by a determined Chinese leadership. The global community that upholds international justice could only concur.”

“For the superior man, waiting ten years to take revenge is not too long.” So goes a famous Chinese saying.The opening anecdote in the accompanying story (below) perfectly illustrates the maxim. While the junzi (Confucian “gentleman,” or superior person) is infinitely patient, he also ensures that depraved criminality does NOT go punished.So it will be with the scurrilous kidnapping of Meng Wanzhou.

The atrocity has been seared into the braincells of all Chinese. Unless they repent and make profuse amends, the chief culprits will be punished by the Chinese nation in due course.These will include PC “Woke” Trudeau, Porkface Pompeo and probably their godfather, Donald Trump. Beijing’s steeliness throughout the two-year-old affair is a hint of things to come.In a parallel case, the vengeance isn’t waiting a decade, but has already arrived. On the receiving end is Australia’s Scott Moronson regime. With awe-inspiring enthusiasm, it became the pack-leading attack dog in the Trump regime’s drive to demonize China and the Chinese.Three Chinese hammer blows have already descended on the Not-So-Lucky Country: boycott of critical exports of coal, cotton and iron ore. Other strikes about to descend are withdrawal of Chinese tourists and students.Big China bullying two small Anglo nations? Hardly. Here’s where another Chinese saying comes in: “Kill the chicken to scare the monkeys.”In their eagerness to please their Uncle, Sam, Canadian and Australian authorities treated Chinese like sub-humans. They are simply being reminded, in ways they would understand, that it’s not wise to do so. They’re the chickens. Other would-be US allies-in-depravity are the monkeys.From the piece below, which brilliantly exposes the Meng case as the farce it is:“The outcome of this judicial kidnapping will determine US and Canadian China policy for decades to come: whether a rapprochement is possible in the future, or whether relations will spiral into a cycle of acrimony, vengeance, and ultimately catastrophe.“What is on trial, of course, is not Meng, or Huawei, but the judicial system of Canada and the conscience, good sense, and ethics of its ruling class: whether it will uphold or undermine international notions of justice.“If the Canadian judiciary and its ruling classes fail this test, Canada risks being driven, metaphorically, into the sea by a determined Chinese leadership. The global community that upholds international justice could only concur.”

Cannabis can help fight coronavirus, study says

Cannabis could be a new weapon in the fight against the Wuhan coronavirus (COVID-19), researchers say. A new study by scientists at the University of Lethbridge in Alberta says that cannabidiol (CBD) — the main non-psychoactive component of marijuana — can help fight the coronavirus by lowering the number of cell receptors available for the latter to attach to.

“There’s a lot of documented information about cannabis in cancer, cannabis in inflammation, anxiety, obesity and whatnot,” said Dr. Igor Kovalchuk, who co-authored the study alongside his wife, Dr. Olga Kovalchuck, and a team of other researchers from Lethbridge. “When COVID-19 started, Olga had the idea to revisit our data, and see if we can utilize it for COVID.”

“It was like a joker card, you know, coronavirus. It just mixes up everybody’s plans,” Olga added.

The Kovalchuks’ have been working with cannabis since 2015, using varieties from around the world to create new hybrids and develop extracts that demonstrate certain therapeutic properties.

CBD reduces available ACE2 receptors for the virus to latch on to

For the study, published in pre-peer review server Preprints, the researchers partnered with cannabis therapy research company Pathway Rx — of which Igor Kovalchuck is the CEO — and cannabinoid-based research company Swysh.

The team created 3D tissue models with human oral, mucociliary and intestinal tissues and tested them with different samples of high CBD extracts. The extracts were low in tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the main psychoactive ingredient in marijuana. (Related: CBD vs. coronavirus? Potential natural remedies that promote immunity.)

With this setup, the researchers then observed the effect that the extracts had on angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), the receptor that the virus uses to enter human cells.

The results of the researchers’ tests demonstrated that the extracts helped reduce the number of these receptors that the coronavirus could use to “hijack” host cells.

“A number of them have reduced the number of [ACE2] receptors by 73 percent, the chance of it getting in is much lower,” stated Igor.

“If they can reduce the number of receptors, there’s much less chance of getting infected,” he added.

In addition to ACE2, the researchers also looked into other receptors such as transmembrane serine protease 2 (TMPRSS2), which allows the virus to invade cells more easily and multiply quickly.

“Imagine a cell being a large building,” explained Kovalchuk to CTV News. “Cannabinoids decrease the number of doors in the building by, say, 70 percent, so it means the level of entry will be restricted. So, therefore, you have more chance to fight it.”

Clinical trials still needed but exploring therapeutic options is important

The researchers’ early findings indicate that the CBD extracts could be used in inhalers, mouthwash and throat gargle products for both clinical and home treatment.

However, they say that people looking for CBD extracts to fight the coronavirus won’t be able to do so at their local dispensaries yet. They state that the current medical cannabis and CBD products, while helpful for a lot of ailments, are not designed to treat or prevent infection from COVID-19.

“The key thing is not that any cannabis you would pick up at the store will do the trick,” said Olga.

With this in mind, the researchers are now actively pursuing clinical trials. They stressed that their data is already based on human tissue models, so these trials are a natural next step.

They also highlight the importance of exploring every therapeutic option when it comes to fighting the coronavirus.

“Given the current dire and rapidly developing epidemiological situation, every possible therapeutic opportunity and avenue needs to be considered.”

“We need to bring it to the people,” says Olga. “We need to fight the beast.”

Visit Pandemic.news to learn more about how health experts are learning to fight the coronavirus.

Sources include:

DailyMail.co.uk

Preprints.org

Calgary.CTVNews.ca

Censored Cannabis TedxTalk: Ted Smith in TedxLangford

To those who don’t know who Ted Smith is: His bakery was raided and he and three others, his wife and two employees, were charged under the then law and found guilty of cannabis related silly charges. He went to the Supreme Court of Canada with this case and WON! He is one of the reasons Cannabis is legal in Canada today. Ted is a true pioneer and a living legend! Great speech by the way Ted. Oh, his cookies and edibles are awesome and delicious.

Censored Cannabis TedxTalk: Ted Smith in TedxLangford

Ted Smith is the founder and president of the Victoria Cannabis Buyers Club and the author of Hempology 101. Ted’s years of work as a cannabis activist and community leader provide ample insight for shedding light on the cannabis industry today.

Ted’s presentation, Cannabis, Class and the Healing of the Nations, tackles the topic of the multiple methods the elite have used influence laws governing access to cannabis. This influence over cannabis legislation, Ted argues, was designed to suppress information and access to cannabis from the lower classes.

Censored Cannabis TedxTalk: Ted Smith in TedxLangford

Watch the presentation about cannabis that TedXTalks refuses to share.

TEDXTalks has decided that my presentation on cannabis policy violated their community standards!

After giving the best speech of my career, it was very disappointing for me to learn that TEDXTalks decided that they would not share the video. Since they authorized the theme of my talk beforehand, it seemed impossible to imagine that afterwards they would decide the content was inappropriate. Funny, I always thought TEDXTalks was about providing critical information but apparently it has to fit a certain worldview to be acceptable.

Throughout this speech I highlight different ways the elite have used laws to suppress information and access to cannabis from the lower classes. It is surprising the wide variety of ways the general public has been manipulated by the ruling classes regarding the use and sale of cannabis products, including present day. While it was a challenge getting all of this information into an 18 minute presentation, I am very happy with how smoothly I was able to transition through so much history and politics.

Of course, it was not perfect. At the end I felt rushed as I did not have a clock to see how close to the 18 minute mark I was and I rushed, missing a very important point. When you watch the video, you would never know I made this mistake but it is glaring to me.

One of the most important uses of cannabis in the future will be in various building materials. Almost everything but glass and metal can be replaced entirely or in part using hemp products, from mixing it into the foundation, to insulation, to plywood to upholstery and paint. These hemp-based building materials generally provide better insulation, are fire resistant, use less pollutants and will cost less than traditional items. Soon we will be living in a world where literally almost everything is made using cannabis, many of our processed foods will have hemp seeds by-products and our medicine cabinets will be full of a range of cannabis products.

Ultimately, though, it is hard for me to imagine doing a more informative, inspirational, and thought-provoking lecture and I am super happy we can finally share it with everyone. Instead of being upset TEDXTalks has decided to dismiss my speech, I could not be happier because it actually proves the point I was trying to make.”

Canada’s first COVID-19 vaccine trials approved for Halifax university

Source

http://www.cbc.ca

Haley Ryan 

Prime Minister Justin Trudeau said the trials will take place at Dalhousie University

The first Canadian clinical trials for a possible COVID-19 vaccine have been approved by Health Canada. Dr. Scott Halperin, the director of the Canadian Center for Vaccinology, explains the different phases of testing that a potential vaccine would have to go through. 8:56

A Halifax research team will be working with a Chinese manufacturer to run the first Canadian clinical trials for a possible COVID-19 vaccine.

Prime Minister Justin Trudeau made the announcement during his daily remarks on Saturday.

The trials have been approved by Health Canada and will take place at the Canadian Centre for Vaccinology (CCfV) at Dalhousie University in Halifax.

“Research and development take time, and must be done right. But this is encouraging news,” Trudeau said.

He added the National Research Council will be working with the manufacturers so that if these vaccine trials are successful, the vaccine can be produced and distributed “here at home.”

The CCfV team of about 45 people is working with a potential vaccine from Chinese company CanSino Biologics.

Health Canada said in an email Saturday that their decision followed a careful review of the trial application, which “met the necessary requirements for safety and quality.”

Researchers say about 600 participants will be needed

Scott Halperin, director of the CCfV and a professor of pediatrics, microbiology and immunology at Dalhousie University, said they are building on trials that have already begun in China.

The vaccine strain, called Ad5-nCoV, uses another virus that’s been modified so it can’t cause infection in humans, he said. It expresses one of the COVID-19 antigens on its surface called the “spike protein.”

If participants develop antibodies to fight this antigen,”one hopes that one would be protected against COVID-19,” Halperin said.

Once their team gets approval from an ethics board, Halperin hopes the trials can begin within the next two weeks.

Dr. Scott Halperin, director of the Canadian Centre for Vaccinology and a professor of paediatrics and microbiology and immunology at Dalhousie University, hopes the trials will begin in the next two weeks. (CBC)

In Phase 1, Halperin said there will be just under 100 participants of different ages involved. In the early stages, they will begin with “very healthy individuals” about 18 to 55 years old. Once their team sees some “early safety data” from those trials, he said they will bring in those 65 years of age and older.

Then in Phase 2, Halperin said they will add 500 additional participants, who might be anywhere from 18 to 85 years old.

Their team follows participants for six months after they’re immunized, Halperin said, so the whole study runs about six to eight months. However, after even a few weeks of each phase they will likely be able to learn enough to move onto the next stage.

The Phase 1 trials are “quite intensive” in terms of monitoring, Halperin said, including screening to ensure participants are healthy.

Once someone is given the vaccine, the CCfV team tests their blood, holds physical examinations, and looks at other signs and symptoms including immune response. People must also keep a diary of any symptoms.

Participants will come in a couple times in the first week, then less frequently as the weeks go on, for a total of nine to 13 times over the six months.

Director hopeful Phase 3 could come this fall

Halperin said they may be able to move to Phase 3 studies as soon as they have good data from Phase 2, which could be as early as “late summer, early fall.”

The third phase is designed to see “if the vaccine works,” Halperin said. It looks at whether participants who have received the vaccine are protected from getting COVID-19, if exposed to the virus.

Halperin said the only part of the study their Halifax team is conducting alone would be Phase 1.

When they move into Phase 2, likely in a couple months, they will be joined by multiple centres across the country through the Canadian Immunization Research Network (CIRN).

The network was originally set up around the 2009 H1N1 pandemic by the federal government, to have a national capability to “rapidly” start Phase 1 studies in extreme cases like this, Halperin said.

“It’s satisfying that the infrastructure was there in order for us to be able to respond,” he said.

An ’emergency release’ could come before study ends

He also noted that this vaccine is not the only one which will be going into clinical trials in Canada. Halperin said there will likely be others announced within the next few weeks.

Any potential vaccine won’t be publicly available until after Phase 3 is complete, Halperin said, which “could take quite a long time.”

However, Health Canada could allow the vaccine to be used before that in an “emergency release,” and there are some talks ongoing now about how that could be done.

That was the case when the Ebola vaccine was used in west Africa before Phase 3 trials were complete, Halperin said.

The CCfV team consists of nurses, data managers, research assistants, laboratory personnel, and three or four other physician investigators.

Canada: From pipe dream to prospect: the pandemic is making a case for a universal basic income

The Pope likes the idea. He’s not the only one.

A closed storefront boutique business in Toronto pleads for more federal pandemic help on April 16, 2020. (Nathan Denette/The Canadian Press)

As every schoolchild knows, it was the First World War that brought Canadian women into the workplace (though of course, they had always been working). Even after the men returned from the front, women continued to work — and what was a temporary change turned into a new societal norm.

The Great War left us with another supposedly temporary measure: income tax. “I have placed no time limit upon this measure,” said Finance Minister Sir Thomas White in 1917. “A year or two after the war is over, the measure should be reviewed.”

We all know how that turned out.

Like governments around the world, the Trudeau government has used the rhetoric of wartime to describe the fight against the novel coronavirus. Wars and pandemics sometimes bring with them economic measures that would be unthinkable in normal times.

For proponents of a universal basic income (or UBI), governments’ responses to the pandemic offer a moment of opportunity — and of vindication.

A way to buy time

“I think the coronavirus has exposed some of the problems with the economy that have led to this movement from the beginning, and it’s going to accelerate them,” said Floyd Marinescu, CEO of software learning company C4Media and a founder of the basic income lobby group UBI Works.

Marinescu said the pandemic is driving a new wave of industrial automation as companies try to function without workers.

“Six million Canadians have been suddenly thrust into what is effectively a basic income program and they’re seeing that it works for what it’s meant to do — something to fall back on and give you time to figure out what you’re going to do next in a way that’s more dignified and avoids the stigma and inefficiencies of applying for social assistance,” he said.

“I think now we have a chance with basic income to have a shorter recession and a more inclusive recovery that helps everyone adapt to the new reality.”

A papal blessing

On Tuesday, Pope Francis became the latest public figure to embrace the idea of a universal basic income, calling it a “change that can no longer be put off.”

In his annual “letter to popular movements” he addressed those “who are informal, working on your own or in the grassroots economy, you have no steady income to get you through this hard time … the lockdowns are becoming unbearable.

“This may be the time to consider a universal basic wage which would acknowledge and dignify the noble, essential tasks you carry out.”

Pope Francis recently expressed support for the idea of a universal basic income. (Vatican Media via Reuters)

Already, one country that has suffered disproportionately from the pandemic appears to be headed in that direction.

Spain’s governing Socialist Workers Party has seized on the pandemic to make changes it normally could only dream of — including the public takeover of private hospitals.

Some of those measures might be reversed once the viral threat fades. But Finance Minister and Deputy PM Nadia Calvino said her government sees its new UBI program, the ingreso mínimal vital, as something “that stays forever, that becomes a structural instrument, a permanent instrument.”

Here in North America, the idea of a universal basic income was the driving force behind the surprisingly strong campaign of political outsider Andrew Yang for the Democratic presidential nomination.

His proposal that the U.S. government send monthly cheques (he called them “freedom dividends”) to all or most American adults has, because of the pandemic, temporarily become official government policy.

Andrew Yang🧢🇺🇸

@AndrewYang

Wow. Pope Francis today: “This may be the time to consider a universal basic wage.” Game-changing. 🙏.@pontifex https://www.americamagazine.org/politics-society/2020/04/12/pope-just-proposed-universal-basic-income-united-states-ready-it 

The pope just proposed a universal basic income. Is the United States ready for it?

“This may be the time,” he said, “to consider a universal basic wage.” This points unmistakably to what is usually known as universal basic income—a regular, substantial cash payment to people just…

americamagazine.org

7,299 people are talking about this

Yang proposed $1,000 cheques. This week, the U.S. Treasury delivered $1,200 cheques to millions of Americans — although the rollout was hampered by glitches and by Treasury’s move to put President Donald J. Trump’s signature on every cheque.

Same solution, different problem

Yang’s proposal, of course, had nothing to do with disease and everything to do with the decline of America’s manufacturing base. For years, the main argument for UBI has been that automation will only accelerate the disappearance of solid blue-collar jobs and their replacement with low-wage jobs that don’t provide the stability necessary to raise a healthy family, or create a healthy society.

The anger and fear that loss of stability produces (so the argument goes) leads people to turn away from democracy and embrace demagogues — so it’s in everyone’s interests to keep people from slipping into desperation.

The idea had been slowly gaining support in some quarters for years. Then COVID-19 hit, wiping out in mere weeks more jobs than had been lost to years of automation and outsourcing.

Businessman Andrew Yang became one of the leading proponents of UBI policy during his run for the Democratic presidential nomination. (Mary Altaffer/The Associated Press)

“What seems to some to be marginal or overambitious is going to become common sense pretty quickly,” Yang predicted, just weeks after ending his own presidential campaign.

But the U.S. proposal is only one temporary measure in a vast pandemic relief program that’s also laden with the usual lard for millionaires and billionaires — including particularly generous handouts for wealthy real estate investors with backgrounds remarkably similar to those of the president himself and his son-in-law, Jared Kushner.

The Canada emergency response benefit (CERB) that has become Ottawa’s main non-EI support for people hurt by the pandemic resembles a UBI in some respects. It’s designed to catch people who work in the “gig economy,” so it covers many who would be missed by conventional EI.

CERB is not really universal, however, and it’s set to run for only four months. The hope is that, by the time the program ends, the country will have returned to business as usual, more or less.

A ‘business-friendly’ approach to income supports

But Canada has its own advocates for a permanent UBI.

When the incoming Doug Ford government decided to cancel a UBI pilot project in Ontario in late 2018, Marinescu helped to organize a group of 120 CEOs, presidents and owners of Canadian companies to ask him to reconsider.

“We see a guaranteed basic income as a business-friendly approach to address the increasing financial precarity of our citizens and revitalize the economy,” they wrote in a letter to the premier. Their effort was not successful and the pilot program was killed.

The pandemic, however, has given the idea wings. It has the support of one party on Parliament Hill:

Jagmeet Singh

@theJagmeetSingh

Applications open today for the Canadian Emergency Response Benefit

See link for more info:https://www.canada.ca/en/services/benefits/ei/cerb-application.html 

However, too many people are still left out

That’s why New Democrats will keep fighting for a Universal Basic Income – so EVERYONE can get the help they need

310 people are talking about this

Conservative Sen. Hugh Segal is a long-time proponent of UBI. He even write a book about it: Boot Straps Need Boots: One Tory’s Lonely Fight to End Poverty in Canada.

Queen’s University economist Robin Boadway said that nearly all existing benefits and tax credits in Canada are means-tested. “These are things that go out on the basis of what your reported income has been in the last year,” he said.

A switch to UBI, he said, would require a fundamental shift in approach.

“I think there are good chances that people will see the value of universality when it comes to transfers, but the transition from an existing emergency program to a permanent program that’s funded is one that would take a bit of time, I think,” he said.

An incentive to work

The Trudeau government has insisted on means-testing rather than true universality in its its pandemic relief programs and has made a series of tweaks to them, progressively loosening the entry criteria. But the Alberta Liberal Party has embraced UBI and has called on its federal counterpart to immediately begin payments of $1,500 per month to every Canadian adult and $500 per month for every child.

UBI has its opponents, though. Many on the left object to the fact that UBI money goes to rich and poor alike, while those on the right frequently attack it as a handout for people who don’t wish to work.

Marinescu argues that a UBI would provide more incentive to work than some of the Trudeau government’s current pandemic benefits.

The CERB, he said, is “kind of like a scaled-up welfare with the same welfare traps. In some ways, it pays people not to work, or forces them to choose between going back to work or staying another month or two on the CERB.

“And that’s precisely what basic income is meant to address — it’s a work incentive because you get to keep the money when you go back to work.”

Marinescu said the experience of past pilot projects has shown that labour force participation doesn’t decline when a UBI is introduced — and that some people have been able to find better jobs with the help of a UBI “because they were able to get off the hamster wheel and retrain.”

“No other government program that I’ve seen could touch the efficacy of a basic income to give people more options in life.”

Overhauling the safety net

Marinescu said he hopes the current crisis will change the minds of many who dismissed UBI as a transfer of wealth from the hard-working to the lazy. “A lot of people who are now finding themselves on a basic income are realizing, ‘I don’t want to work any less. I want to go back to work’,” he said

But Pedro Antunes, chief economist at the Conference Board of Canada, said he thinks “we’ll have to wait and see whether this really changes the social safety net we have in place.

“If we were to go that route, I think we’d really have to revamp the way we deliver the social safety net federally and provincially. And I’m not sure we’re ready to move on that just yet.”

A rider for a food delivery service makes a delivery. The growth of the so-called ‘gig economy’ bolstered the case for UBI. (Jack Taylor/Getty Images)

Antunes said that, prior to the pandemic, some of the labour trends that drove the UBI movement — the rise in precarious “gig” jobs, for example — were easing or even reversing themselves.

“We’re coming out of a situation over the last couple of years where Canada’s economy and labour markets were in pretty good shape and favouring the workers. In 2019, employment growth was strong, labour markets were very tight and wage growth well above inflation,” he said.

Attitudes may shift

Just as the First War produced the income tax, the Second World War left Canada with the basic structure of its modern health care system.

There were those who wanted to see it dismantled with the return of peace, the Canadian Public Health Journal warned in an editorial at the time, saying demands had “already gone out for curtailment of public expenditures and redirection of effort.” The CPHJ wasn’t having it.

“Gains must be consolidated. The last war left its lessons. There can be no reduction in public expenditures, and no lessening of public effort, for the safeguarding of health,” the journal wrote.

The nature of the post-COVID recovery is likely to affect the debate over UBI.

A strong rebound would lessen the pressure to strengthen the safety net. But it might prove politically difficult to push large numbers of people off the basic income scheme if the economy remains weak after the epidemic recedes.

“Once this crisis is over,” said Antunes, “I think it’s inevitable we’re going to return to that trend where labour markets are generally tight because of the exodus of the baby boom cohort, so I don’t know that we’ll have to have these measures in place forever.”

But millions of working people who are used to seeing themselves as independent are now experiencing hardship and turning to governments for help. Will that change how they view others in need in the future?

“Public attitudes may well change as a consequence of this pandemic and there may be more social acceptance,” said Boadway. “It’s possible the thing will catch on, and people will realize that if a universal basic income had existed before the pandemic hit, we wouldn’t have been faced with as dire a situation as is being faced by so many people without money.”

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Evan Dyer

Senior Reporter

Evan Dyer has been a journalist with CBC for 18 years, after an early career as a freelancer in Argentina. He works in the Parliamentary Bureau and can be reached at evan.dyer@cbc.ca.